Electron Beam CT Scan (EBT)
With an accuracy of 99%, the EBT scan detects the presence of “calcified plaque” in the coronary arteries- hard, dense deposits on the insides and in the walls of the arteries that indicate the presence of coronary artery disease. Importantly, the amount of radiation to the patient is approximately 1/10 of that received in a conventional CT scan, such as the 64 Slice CT. This painless, non-invasive study is becoming a cornerstone of cardiovascular diagnostic and prognostic evaluations. A “calcium score” is measured by the scan, which gives us valuable information about overall burden of disease, and importantly, allows us to stratify patients into different groups based on their future risk of developing a significant cardiovascular event such as a heart attack or stroke. This score allows us to tailor individualized treatment regimens appropriate to each patient, providing significant incremental benefit over traditional risk assessments. A completely normal study can provide valuable peace of mind to those worried about their short and intermediate-term risk of having a heart attack.
Additionally, the scanner is capable of obtaining images of the lungs and vital organs to evaluate for the presence of cysts, masses, and tumors. Furthermore, the most accurate assessment of bone density is provided by its sophisticated imaging software, and a true measure of “visceral” fat content, a significant risk factor for insulin resistance and inflammation in the blood vessels, can be obtained if desired.